Mrauk U, the ancient Arakanese Kingdom, is located at Latitude 20 ° 25″ N and Longitude 93° 11″ E striding alluvial plains of Kuladan and Lemro rivers, Rakhine State, Myanmar. The city was established in 1433 by Arakanese King Mon Saw Mon.
Mrauk U is existed approximately 11 kilometers (6.8 mi) east of the Kaladan River on the banks of its trivial branches. The town is located on a small outcrop of the Rakhine Yoma on the eastern side of the Kaladan's muddy plain. Thus, the surrounding countryside is hilly yet also contains a great deal of marshes, mangroves and lakes. Mrauk U, like much of Rakhine State, is situated in a coastal tropical monsoon rainforest climate region.
Htukkanthein is one of the most famous temples in the historic Arakanese city of Mrauk U, in Rakhine State, Western Myanmar. The name means "Cross-Beam Ordination Hall". Like most of Mrauk U's Buddhist temples, it is designed as a dual purpose 'fortress-temple'. Although it is an ordination hall, it is one of the most militaristic buildings in Mrauk U, built on raised ground, with a single entrance and small windows. According to Dr. Emil Forchhammer, an archaeologist employed by the British Raj to study Mrauk U in the late 19th century, the temples might have been employed as a refuge for the Buddhist religious order in times of war.
Large and historic temple like fortress with inner paths as a maze Shaitthaung, one of the famous temples in Mrauk U was built by King Thiri Thuriya Sandar Maha Dhamma Raza, Mong Bar Gri in 1535 A.D (897 Rakhine Era). The temple is located on Phoe Khaung hill which is far from about one kilometer north of the Royal Mrauk U palace. Shite-Thaung translates to “temple of the 80,000 images of the Buddha” which is referred to the decoration of a large number of Buddha images inside the temple. The temple is named after the memorial of victory which was meant the time when King Mong Bar reconquered twelve Bengal towns which were previously lost to the enemies. Therefore, the temple is also termed as the temple of victory commemorate.
The Mahamuni Buddha Temple is a Buddhist temple and major pilgrimage site, located southwest of Mandalay, Burma (Myanmar). The Mahamuni Buddha image is deified in this temple, and originally came from Arakan. It is highly venerated in Burma and central to many people's lives, as it is seen as an expression of representing the Buddha's life.